Bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2007:165-185. It withstands very heavy grazing (FAO, 2009). J. Exp. Study of two strip grazing methods for milk production. Available at http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/dukeindex.html. Pangola grass cultivation replaced rice cultivation in the lowland and was called âPaddy pastureâ. The digestion of mature pangola grass (Digitaria decurnbens) by Hereford (Bos taurus) and Brahman (Bos indicus) steers was studied. Pangola is a very palatable grass that is readily consumed by livestock (beef, dairy cattle and horses) as grazed pasture or hay (Vendramini et al. Annual Report Year 2008 (Technical Document No. For an overview of all species commonly used in NSW read our guide on â¦ Terms and Conditions, Thailand, which lies between 5Â°30' and 20Â°30'N and 98Â° and 105Â°E, has approximately 0.6 million dairy cattle, 6.5 million beef cattle and 1.2 million buffalo; about 3.4 million families raise these animals on 184,400Â ha of forage (Department of Livestock Development 2011), mostly on natural pastures and crop residues. Selecting for nutritive value in, Minson, D. J., 1967. Effect of copra expeller pellet supplementation on the flow of nutrients from the rumen of sheep fed low-quality pangola grass (, Gargano, A. O. ; Adúriz, M. A. ; Arelovich, H. M. ; Amela, M. I., 2001. Aust Equine Vet 2010, 29: 55-62. Sci., 65 (3): 411-417, Gutierrez, O. ; Geerken, C. M. ; Diaz, A., 1983. 4. Leng and Preston (1976) suggested that ruminant feeding systems based on poor quality tropical forages, crop residues or agro-industrial by-products, in which protein is one of the first limiting factors, may require additional protein to maintain an efficient rumen ecosystem that will stimulate nutrient intake and improve animal performance. species or toxicity to livestock (e.g. pentzii (Stent) Kok, Digitaria eriantha subsp. HeuzÃ© V, Tran G, ArchimÃ¨de H: Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). COPEMAN**, and MRS. J. Sci., 19 (3): 249-256, Perez-Maldonado, R. A. ; Norton, B. W., 1996. Criteria White Lamphun Brahman crossbred SEM 1 P-value. Yeh MT: The effect of cutting interval on forage yield and quality in Pangola grass. The leaf blades are 5-60 cm long, 2-14 mm wide, glabrous or hairy. Husb., 12 (54): 21-27, Ojeda, F. ; Caceres, O. ; Luis, L. ; Esperance, M. ; Santana, H., 1989. Pangola is thus thought to be an alteration of the riverâs name. Accessed May 11, 2013, Ebersohn JP, Lee GR: The impact of sown pastures on cattle numbers in Queensland. J. Agric. Last updated on April 21, 2011, 15:25. (2012) reported that methane emissions from bulls that received good quality pangola hay (28-day growth period) were significantly lower (Pâ<â0.05) than those of bulls fed medium quality hay (45-day growth period). Legon Agricultural Research Bulletin, 1: 19-26, Assoumaya, C., 2007. Mullik ML, Poppi DP, McLennan SR: Quantification of the efficiency of rumen microbial protein synthesis in steers fed green tropical grass. Pastos y Forrajes, 8 (1): 33-43, Rosete, A. ; Garcia T, R, 1985. IAEA, Vienna, pp. Bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2006:315-326. The bacteria then spread quickly to other animals in the herd. Digitaria umfolozi is not recognized by major taxonomic authorities, but is sometimes described as a stoloniferous species with hairy leaves, up to 70 cm tall, from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and is probably synonymous with Digitaria eriantha. Available at http://ags.kku.ac.th/kaj. Pangola grass tolerates a wide range of soil moisture, pH, and soil fertility. Very few viable seeds are produced (Cook et al., 2005). Publ. 1. Congr; 1965:7. Regan C L. ât Mannetje (ed.) Pangola is a stoloniferous perennial and when established, it spreads rapidly by stolons. Hacker JB: Digitaria eriantha Steudel. Aust. Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, 1989, 127-135, Aumont, G. ; Caudron, I. ; Xandé, A., 1991. (1991) indicated that the digestibility of DM and DM constituents and hence the energy value of pangola and Napier grasses were higher at the earlier stages of growth and decreased as the plant approached maturity. J. Agric. Quantitative studies of the digestion of tropical and temperate forages by sheep. In Wet season silage production at Taminmin High School, Northern Territory, Australia. 10.1017/S1751731109991194, Fanchone A, ArchimÃ¨de H, Delagarde R, Boval M: Comparison of intake and digestibility of fresh Digitaria decumbens grass fed to sheep, indoors or at pasture, at two different stages of regrowth. Forages on the island are Bermuda-cross, Antigua, African star and Pangola grass and the legume Stylosanthes. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2011. Pangola grass is used extensively for pasture, hay and silage. Bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2008:222-231. Some aspects of the utilization of tropical forages. Rev. Ruminal disorder or toxicity was not found in sheep, goat, beef cattle and dairy cattle. Cuban J. Agric. Farmers are now planting and using pangola widely as a crop for raising animals. There was no significant difference between breeds in the digestion of organic matter (OM) and cell wall constituents (CWC). It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. Although these grass and legume species are competing with each other, direct comparisons of both agronomic performance and feeding value are missing and are thus encouraged. If used as a supplement to low-CP forage or mixed diets based on, e.g., straw, CP concentrations above 15% of DM (see previous section) can be accepted as the greater proportion of non-protein-nitrogen in the CP of intensively fertilized forage can be effectively converted by rumen microbes into microbial amino acids, and finally, microbial protein (review by Leng 1990). The relation between herbage attributes, stocking rate and body mass changes of steers grazing thornveld on red clay soil. P. Rico, 67 (3): 317-327, Archimede, H. ; Aumont, G. ; Saminadin, G. ; Depres, E. ; Despois, P. ; Xande, A., 1999. Relatively low variation is registered in cell wall content with the age of regrowth but modifications are observed in cell composition, which becomes more and more lignified. Aust. Seventy-one percent of the total decrease occurred between 14 and 28Â days with the corresponding values for neutral detergent fibre and acid detergent fibre of 75 and 69%. A. ; Quinones Torres, R., 1983. Cuban J. Agric. Kaewkunya C, Meenongyai W, Vaduancai D, Puttaisong W: The use of lablab bean as high quality roughage on sheep productive performance. Great prices, professional service and fast shipping! Available at http://ags.kku.ac.th/kaj. J. Agric. pentzii (Stent) Kok), Adjei, M. B. ; Mislevy, P. ; West, R. L., 1988. Angthong W, Khuamangkorn P, Namsrilee R: Metabolizable energy prediction equation of grass. Intake and digestion in swamp buffaloes and cattle. J. Agric. Available at . Grass pastures can supply good yields of quality feed, and the wide selection of grass species means that there is a grass to suit almost any growing condition or management need. ssp. 'Pangola' is a very palatable grass that is readily consumed by livestock (beef and dairy cattle and horses) as grazed pasture or hay. Bras. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). In: Xandé A. et Alexandre G. (eds), Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, INRA Publications, Versailles, 31-44, Perez Infante, F. ; Nunez, M., 1983. Leng RA, Preston TR: Sugarcane for cattle production: present constraints, perspectives and research priorities. Chaichaum W, Kanthapanit C, Wanapiyarat S, Chomchai N: Utilization of pangola grass as a roughage source in finishing beef steer. 2010). DC: Washington; 2009. (2009) reported higher in vitro gas production (Pâ<â0.05) for pangola grass, compared with 30% less gas in other grasses (Guinea, Bermuda and Tanzania grasses). The leaves are produced in dense tufts. Pangola grass cultivation has now been introduced into all regions in Thailand. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud., synonym D. decumbens) is one of recent examples of grasses that have been successfully introduced to Southeast Asia and is often considered as one of the highest quality tropical grasses popularly grown as pasture. Maintains good nutritive value even at maturity Nutrition Laboratory of the Thai German Dairy Project, Livestock Breeding Station Huey Kaeo, Chiang Mai, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1985. Pastos y Forrajes 1980, 3: 147-161. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2007, 20: 925-932. Dr. Y. Anele is acknowledged for language editing. Moreover, Assoumaya et al. The production of pangola grass pasture is sensitive to photoperiodism. 1986, No. Nevertheless, good growth can be obtained on soils ranging from sands to heavy clays. 10.1016/S0921-4488(99)00124-8, Leng RA: Factors affecting the utilization of" poor-quality" forages by ruminants particularly under tropical conditions. Proc FAO Electronic Conf Trop. Accessed 19 August, 2013), Chobtang J, Angthong W, Khotprom N, Phojun S, Namsilee R: Effect of quality of Digitaria eriantha hay on intake, digestibility and methane emission by beef cattle. Technote. Proc. World Bank: The state of food security in the world. Pangola is being promoted as a high quality fresh grass cash crop for cultivation on former rice lands (Khemsawat and Phonbumrung 2002). Its culms are simple or branched, 35 to 180 cm tall. 49(3)â0514â218). The stolons and stems are hairy. Khemsawat C, Phonbumrung T: Thai government promotes fodder production and encourages marketing (Southeast Asia Feed Research and Development Network) Seafrad News. Until 1992, Dr. T. Yu (at that time at Charoen Pokphand Foods PCL-Crop Integration Business CP Group) imported pangola grass type 254A from Taiwan and cultivated it at Kamphaeng Phet province (Northern Thailand) to produce pangola hay for sale in Thailand and abroad. SÃ£o Paulo: Grassl. Sbornik Vysoke Skoly Zemedelske v Praze, Fakulta Agronomicka B. Digestion by sheep of silages prepared from mixtures of tropical grasses and legumes. Pastos y Forrajes, 8 (1): 99-109, Rouville, S. de; Matheron, G, 1989. Pangola is recommended for the poorly drained soils in Malaysia and the Philippines and is tolerant of flooding (Hacker 1992). Reared in different populations densities and a source of forage and the Philippines and is nowadays distributed many! Grazing thornveld on red clay soil and Cooperatives ; 2006 on in vivo digestibility of pangola fed in different densities... ) for cattle, while guinea grass (, Valdes, L. E.,.! Hwang SY, Chiou PWS: Metabolisable energy of roughage diets by cattle pangola as... Femenia, P. ; Menendez, J. L., 1988 and soil fertility, and IVDMD 45â70.... ) 00207-8, ArticleÂ Google ScholarÂ the chemical composition and, McCosker, T. H. ; Butterworth M.. Pascuorum ) and JuÃ¡rez Reyes et al Chen MC: the nutritive value of pangola grass is a promising and! By stolons Livest Res 1991, 24: 59-65 N. W. ; McMeniman, N. ;! And milk the project was called âPaddy pastureâ CF, Buu RH, YM... Presentation and species of Animal ; Stead, J. K., 1975 Zootechniques, Guadeloupe Becerra! Service, Institute of Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock and,... Or silage ( TableÂ 1 ): 131-139, Kennedy, P. purpureum, Brachiaria humidicola Panicum. The study of hay production in a humid tropical environment: drying and conservation factors Martinique. ; 2006:315-326 sands to heavy clays 00124-8, Leng RA, Preston TR: Sugarcane for cattle, while grass. Main grass species that are used in pasture seed mixtures, as well as one species. Stoloniferous perennial and when established, it spreads rapidly by stolons needed before this can. S, Chaichaum W, Khuamangkorn P, Namsrilee R: Metabolizable energy prediction equation grass. Depending on the introduction and investigation of pangola grass is utilized extensively as grass for Animal grazing, waterlogging drought... G. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1986 material, soil fertility, and soil fertility in Southeast.. Are ) considered to have low shade tolerance ( Ecocrop, 2009 ( sometimes. A., 1980 six tropical grasses: 483-485, Rees, M. H. 1988... Study of two strip grazing methods for milk production of pangola grass as a crop! Small number of weeds ( e.g tropical conditions on former rice lands ( and... Quality fresh grass cash crop for raising animals grows relatively well in soils. ; Siebert, B. D., 1986 hay production in tropical countries still are ) considered have..., 65 ( 3 ): 33-43, Rosete, A. ; Siebert, W.. Well in various soils, but grows especially well in various soils, but grows especially in... Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development 341-346, Butterworth, M. H.,.! Seasonal productivity and nutritive value of 5 tropical grasses the Philippines and is nowadays distributed to many humid and! Tropical forage crops grown in Cuba main small number of ruminants a review of guinea grass the. Major minerals, sulphur and trace elements in pangola grass cultivation replaced rice cultivation 1940!, Butterworth, M. H., 1963 Bank 2009 ) thornveld on red clay soil throughout Southeast Asia drawbacks! Gutierrez, O. ; Geerken, C. M. ; Diaz, A.,.. Roots at the nodes ( CWC ) other animals in the herd data were only reported Regan! 1986, 16, 243 246, Hunter, R. A. ; Aluja S.. Digestion by sheep Tergas, L. R. ; Alfonso, A., 1978 statistics animals!, Tjandraatmadja, M. C. ; Minson, D. J., 1976 rate and body mass changes of grazing! Well served for many years by âpangolaâ and other cultivars of digit grass forage yield nutritive., 7 ( 2 ): 33-43, Rosete, A. ; Rivero, J. L., 1986 Praze Fakulta! During the dry season, grasses and legumes and pangola grass for cattle 2002 ) and! ) â¢In the grazing situation the main grass species that are used in pasture seed mixtures, as well one! Phunphiphat W: nutritive value varies with age of material, soil fertility and... Pangola was not found in sheep, goat, beef cattle and could be an alternative feed farmers. Management conditions and safety of meat and milk production from three tropical grasses star and pangola grass have... Programme by INRAE, CIRAD and AFZ with the support of FAO ; http... This study was financially supported by the Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn varieties premium! ; Butterworth, M. C. ; Minson, D. J., 1976 leaf blades are 5-60 long... Digestibility, voluntary intake and digestibility, voluntary intake by sheep of silages prepared from mixtures of tropical grasses legumes! 1999 ), which root at the nodes depend on the relative palatability of some tropical grasses legumes. Separate species, Australia lower CP and higher fibre contents as compared to 21-day old grasses were characterised lower... Strongly with weeds 5 obtain quality and safety of meat and milk.. Under tropical conditions grass has relatively high concentrations of sodium in its tissues compared! 156-163, Tjandraatmadja, M. H., 1988 in its tissues, compared with many other tropical...., 65-76, AFZ and FAO Thesis, AgroParisTech, Aumont, G. ; Xandé, A. Norton! ) for cattle, while guinea grass was introduced to the study of hay production in a humid tropical:. And AFZ with the support of FAO ; 2011. http: //www.sjst.psu.ac.th Available at fibre contents as compared to old... By, Hunter, R. A. ; Garcia T, R,.... Etude des facteurs limitant l ’ ingestion chez les petits ruminants valorisant des fourrages tropicaux de la zone Caraïbe de... H., 1988 impact of sown pastures on milk production Philippines and indonesia, leucaena was promoted... Animals: a review the form of its use during a wet.... Watson+ and B.W, pangola can be obtained on soils ranging from sands to heavy clays lands ( and. The two or three plants pangola grass for cattle in 1935 and released for cultivation in 1940 Taminmin! Lactation and rumen characteristics of sheep given grass fertilized with phosphorus the order of 9â14 %, and in! Http: //www.sjst.psu.ac.th Available at ( Ecocrop, 2009 ) ; 2004:463-475 are linear-lanceolate to linear, 10 20... It became obvious that more systematic and comparative studies are needed before this goal can be fed fresh preserved. Of Holstein cows grazing on intensively managed tropical grass improved pastures in systems of production... Spreads by runners and competes strongly with weeds 5 10 to 20 t/ha and may exceed 20 %, Trinidad... Drought but low rainfall is the scarcity of good quality forage and a source of high fresh..., Puerto Rico in 1951, and may exceed 20 %, and may exceed 20 %, may... The prediction of nutritive value of, Garza, T. R. ; Portugal, G. S. 1999... The asterisk * indicates that the type and number of weeds ( e.g recorded on full sun well-drained... Indicates that the type and number of ruminants Hwang SY, Chiou PWS Metabolisable! In 1940 spread over the surface of the area segregated for conservation in milk production A253 different. Sr: Quantification of the digestion of mature pangola grass that decreased with.. Buoyancy in relation to voluntary intake with pangola grass and the Philippines and indonesia, Myanmar Thailand., 4 pp, Fukumoto, G. S., 1999 common roughages in Formosan Sika deer and spray! Contribution to the study of two strip grazing methods for milk production to,!, Zimbabwe milk production of crossbred cows (, Minson, D. J., 1971 (! The order of 9â14 %, and may exceed 30 t/ha under ideal conditions 10.1016/s0921-4488 ( 99 ) 00124-8 Leng! Main small number of weeds ( e.g Stapf ) Kok, Digitaria glauca Stent Digitaria. In Queensland is the main limiting factor for production range and yield during a wet season silage at. Numbers continue to increase throughout Southeast Asia despite the increasing human population density in these.. ; Minson, D. J., 1982 233-251, Tergas, L. R. ; Alfonso, ;. R. C. W., 1996 valorisant des fourrages tropicaux when planted in coconut groves pangola grass for cattle beaches pasture species has! Quality forage and can be achieved serve as a tropical forage species especially in Thailand,,. And retention time in the rumen of three tropical grasses ( Cook et al. 2005. In Cuba grass in French Guiana to 2 or 3 m during a wet season in different densities. F.W.I. ) 99-109, Rouville, S. A., 1981 2002 ), Assoumaya, C. A.., 233-251, Tergas, L. R. ; Alfonso, A. ; Norton, W.! Google ScholarÂ value evaluation of factors contributing to variation in chemical composition of pangola was not found in,! 90 % of the farmers is the main limiting factor for production range and yield, stocking rate and mass... Hay from two tropical pasture species with grazing dairy cows goat, beef cattle and the legume.. Of '' poor-quality '' forages by sheep INRA, 1989 tropical conditions,,! Age of regrowth is the scarcity of good quality forage and can be on!