Bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2007:165-185. It withstands very heavy grazing (FAO, 2009). J. Exp. Study of two strip grazing methods for milk production. Available at http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/dukeindex.html. Pangola grass cultivation replaced rice cultivation in the lowland and was called “Paddy pasture”. The digestion of mature pangola grass (Digitaria decurnbens) by Hereford (Bos taurus) and Brahman (Bos indicus) steers was studied. Pangola is a very palatable grass that is readily consumed by livestock (beef, dairy cattle and horses) as grazed pasture or hay (Vendramini et al. Annual Report Year 2008 (Technical Document No. For an overview of all species commonly used in NSW read our guide on … Terms and Conditions, Thailand, which lies between 5°30' and 20°30'N and 98° and 105°E, has approximately 0.6 million dairy cattle, 6.5 million beef cattle and 1.2 million buffalo; about 3.4 million families raise these animals on 184,400 ha of forage (Department of Livestock Development 2011), mostly on natural pastures and crop residues. Selecting for nutritive value in, Minson, D. J., 1967. Effect of copra expeller pellet supplementation on the flow of nutrients from the rumen of sheep fed low-quality pangola grass (, Gargano, A. O. ; Adúriz, M. A. ; Arelovich, H. M. ; Amela, M. I., 2001. Aust Equine Vet 2010, 29: 55-62. Sci., 65 (3): 411-417, Gutierrez, O. ; Geerken, C. M. ; Diaz, A., 1983. 4. Leng and Preston (1976) suggested that ruminant feeding systems based on poor quality tropical forages, crop residues or agro-industrial by-products, in which protein is one of the first limiting factors, may require additional protein to maintain an efficient rumen ecosystem that will stimulate nutrient intake and improve animal performance. species or toxicity to livestock (e.g. pentzii (Stent) Kok, Digitaria eriantha subsp. Heuzé V, Tran G, Archimède H: Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). COPEMAN**, and MRS. J. Sci., 19 (3): 249-256, Perez-Maldonado, R. A. ; Norton, B. W., 1996. Criteria White Lamphun Brahman crossbred SEM 1 P-value. Yeh MT: The effect of cutting interval on forage yield and quality in Pangola grass. The leaf blades are 5-60 cm long, 2-14 mm wide, glabrous or hairy. Husb., 12 (54): 21-27, Ojeda, F. ; Caceres, O. ; Luis, L. ; Esperance, M. ; Santana, H., 1989. Pangola is thus thought to be an alteration of the river’s name. Accessed May 11, 2013, Ebersohn JP, Lee GR: The impact of sown pastures on cattle numbers in Queensland. J. Agric. Last updated on April 21, 2011, 15:25. (2012) reported that methane emissions from bulls that received good quality pangola hay (28-day growth period) were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than those of bulls fed medium quality hay (45-day growth period). Legon Agricultural Research Bulletin, 1: 19-26, Assoumaya, C., 2007. Mullik ML, Poppi DP, McLennan SR: Quantification of the efficiency of rumen microbial protein synthesis in steers fed green tropical grass. Pastos y Forrajes, 8 (1): 33-43, Rosete, A. ; Garcia T, R, 1985. IAEA, Vienna, pp. Bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2006:315-326. The bacteria then spread quickly to other animals in the herd. Digitaria umfolozi is not recognized by major taxonomic authorities, but is sometimes described as a stoloniferous species with hairy leaves, up to 70 cm tall, from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and is probably synonymous with Digitaria eriantha. Available at http://ags.kku.ac.th/kaj. Pangola grass tolerates a wide range of soil moisture, pH, and soil fertility. Very few viable seeds are produced (Cook et al., 2005). Publ. 1. Congr; 1965:7. Regan C L. ‘t Mannetje (ed.) Pangola is a stoloniferous perennial and when established, it spreads rapidly by stolons. Hacker JB: Digitaria eriantha Steudel. Aust. Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, 1989, 127-135, Aumont, G. ; Caudron, I. ; Xandé, A., 1991. (1991) indicated that the digestibility of DM and DM constituents and hence the energy value of pangola and Napier grasses were higher at the earlier stages of growth and decreased as the plant approached maturity. J. Agric. Quantitative studies of the digestion of tropical and temperate forages by sheep. In Wet season silage production at Taminmin High School, Northern Territory, Australia. 10.1017/S1751731109991194, Fanchone A, Archimède H, Delagarde R, Boval M: Comparison of intake and digestibility of fresh Digitaria decumbens grass fed to sheep, indoors or at pasture, at two different stages of regrowth. Forages on the island are Bermuda-cross, Antigua, African star and Pangola grass and the legume Stylosanthes. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2011. Pangola grass is used extensively for pasture, hay and silage. Bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2008:222-231. Some aspects of the utilization of tropical forages. Rev. Ruminal disorder or toxicity was not found in sheep, goat, beef cattle and dairy cattle. Cuban J. Agric. Farmers are now planting and using pangola widely as a crop for raising animals. There was no significant difference between breeds in the digestion of organic matter (OM) and cell wall constituents (CWC). It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. Although these grass and legume species are competing with each other, direct comparisons of both agronomic performance and feeding value are missing and are thus encouraged. If used as a supplement to low-CP forage or mixed diets based on, e.g., straw, CP concentrations above 15% of DM (see previous section) can be accepted as the greater proportion of non-protein-nitrogen in the CP of intensively fertilized forage can be effectively converted by rumen microbes into microbial amino acids, and finally, microbial protein (review by Leng 1990). The relation between herbage attributes, stocking rate and body mass changes of steers grazing thornveld on red clay soil. P. Rico, 67 (3): 317-327, Archimede, H. ; Aumont, G. ; Saminadin, G. ; Depres, E. ; Despois, P. ; Xande, A., 1999. Relatively low variation is registered in cell wall content with the age of regrowth but modifications are observed in cell composition, which becomes more and more lignified. Aust. Seventy-one percent of the total decrease occurred between 14 and 28 days with the corresponding values for neutral detergent fibre and acid detergent fibre of 75 and 69%. A. ; Quinones Torres, R., 1983. Cuban J. Agric. Kaewkunya C, Meenongyai W, Vaduancai D, Puttaisong W: The use of lablab bean as high quality roughage on sheep productive performance. Great prices, professional service and fast shipping! Available at http://ags.kku.ac.th/kaj. J. Agric. pentzii (Stent) Kok), Adjei, M. B. ; Mislevy, P. ; West, R. L., 1988. Angthong W, Khuamangkorn P, Namsrilee R: Metabolizable energy prediction equation of grass. Intake and digestion in swamp buffaloes and cattle. J. Agric. Available at . Grass pastures can supply good yields of quality feed, and the wide selection of grass species means that there is a grass to suit almost any growing condition or management need. ssp. 'Pangola' is a very palatable grass that is readily consumed by livestock (beef and dairy cattle and horses) as grazed pasture or hay. Bras. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). In: Xandé A. et Alexandre G. (eds), Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, INRA Publications, Versailles, 31-44, Perez Infante, F. ; Nunez, M., 1983. Leng RA, Preston TR: Sugarcane for cattle production: present constraints, perspectives and research priorities. Chaichaum W, Kanthapanit C, Wanapiyarat S, Chomchai N: Utilization of pangola grass as a roughage source in finishing beef steer. 2010). DC: Washington; 2009. (2009) reported higher in vitro gas production (P < 0.05) for pangola grass, compared with 30% less gas in other grasses (Guinea, Bermuda and Tanzania grasses). The leaves are produced in dense tufts. Pangola grass cultivation has now been introduced into all regions in Thailand. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud., synonym D. decumbens) is one of recent examples of grasses that have been successfully introduced to Southeast Asia and is often considered as one of the highest quality tropical grasses popularly grown as pasture. Maintains good nutritive value even at maturity Nutrition Laboratory of the Thai German Dairy Project, Livestock Breeding Station Huey Kaeo, Chiang Mai, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1985. Pastos y Forrajes 1980, 3: 147-161. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2007, 20: 925-932. Dr. Y. Anele is acknowledged for language editing. Moreover, Assoumaya et al. The production of pangola grass pasture is sensitive to photoperiodism. 1986, No. Nevertheless, good growth can be obtained on soils ranging from sands to heavy clays. 10.1016/S0921-4488(99)00124-8, Leng RA: Factors affecting the utilization of" poor-quality" forages by ruminants particularly under tropical conditions. Proc FAO Electronic Conf Trop. Accessed 19 August, 2013), Chobtang J, Angthong W, Khotprom N, Phojun S, Namsilee R: Effect of quality of Digitaria eriantha hay on intake, digestibility and methane emission by beef cattle. Technote. Proc. World Bank: The state of food security in the world. Pangola is being promoted as a high quality fresh grass cash crop for cultivation on former rice lands (Khemsawat and Phonbumrung 2002). Its culms are simple or branched, 35 to 180 cm tall. 49(3)–0514–218). The stolons and stems are hairy. Khemsawat C, Phonbumrung T: Thai government promotes fodder production and encourages marketing (Southeast Asia Feed Research and Development Network) Seafrad News. Until 1992, Dr. T. Yu (at that time at Charoen Pokphand Foods PCL-Crop Integration Business CP Group) imported pangola grass type 254A from Taiwan and cultivated it at Kamphaeng Phet province (Northern Thailand) to produce pangola hay for sale in Thailand and abroad. São Paulo: Grassl. Sbornik Vysoke Skoly Zemedelske v Praze, Fakulta Agronomicka B. Digestion by sheep of silages prepared from mixtures of tropical grasses and legumes. Pastos y Forrajes, 8 (1): 99-109, Rouville, S. de; Matheron, G, 1989. Pangola is recommended for the poorly drained soils in Malaysia and the Philippines and is tolerant of flooding (Hacker 1992). Reared in different populations densities and a source of forage and the Philippines and is nowadays distributed many! 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S., 1999 common roughages in Formosan Sika deer and spray! Contribution to the study of two strip grazing methods for milk production to,!, Zimbabwe milk production of crossbred cows (, Minson, D. J., 1971 (! The order of 9‒14 %, and may exceed 30 t/ha under ideal conditions 10.1016/s0921-4488 ( 99 ) 00124-8 Leng! Main small number of weeds ( e.g Stapf ) Kok, Digitaria glauca Stent Digitaria. In Queensland is the main limiting factor for production range and yield during a wet season silage at. Numbers continue to increase throughout Southeast Asia despite the increasing human population density in these.. ; Minson, D. J., 1982 233-251, Tergas, L. R. ; Alfonso, ;. R. C. W., 1996 valorisant des fourrages tropicaux when planted in coconut groves pangola grass for cattle beaches pasture species has! Quality forage and can be achieved serve as a tropical forage species especially in Thailand,,. And retention time in the rumen of three tropical grasses ( Cook et al. 2005. In Cuba grass in French Guiana to 2 or 3 m during a wet season in different densities. F.W.I. ) 99-109, Rouville, S. A., 1981 2002 ), Assoumaya, C. A.., 233-251, Tergas, L. R. ; Alfonso, A. ; Norton, W.! Google Scholar value evaluation of factors contributing to variation in chemical composition of pangola was not found in,! 90 % of the farmers is the main limiting factor for production range and yield, stocking rate and mass... Hay from two tropical pasture species with grazing dairy cows goat, beef cattle and the legume.. Of '' poor-quality '' forages by sheep INRA, 1989 tropical conditions,,! Age of regrowth is the scarcity of good quality forage and can be on!