The production of sesame seeds in the world is dominated by a few countries that lie in the African and Asian continents. exported Sesame is grown on the farms of small holders and commercial farmers in almost all the regions of Ethiopia. The objectives of the study were to review the status of production and productivity, It is a short-day plant but also grows well in long-day areas. The best time for sowing period is found http://techwildcatters.com/online/ to be from, Ethiopia has altitudes from below sea level up to4500meter above sea generic viagra 100mg level with different climate zones which enables to grow a wide variety of oilseeds crops. Sesame in Ethiopia is grown mainly for the export market (Aysheshm, 2007; Alemu and W.Meijerink, 2010). Perspectives in Sesame Production Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary Sesame is one of the most ancient oil crops known to mankind. /Contents 91 0 R Ethiopia is a major sesame seed exporter in the world market. According to Central Statistics Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), the production of this However, sesame production and marketing in Ethiopia is faced with various challenges that need to be addressed. Sesame – in the last five years, sesame production has doubled, except for the 2015/16 drought year which resulted in nearly a 10 percent reduction in total production for the year. Latest time is 4th of July. The majority of these are smallholder farmers practicing subsistence farming on less than one hectare of land. If sesame production in Ethiopia were further mechanized, however, the competitive advantage of large-scale farming versus smallholder farming would improve. The government is enhancing the investment in the oilseeds sector with an extended package of incentives. and cropping altitude from more than 3000mt to less than 600 mt asl. 0000022471 00000 n %Ç쏢 Figure 1: Production of Sesame in 2012/13 Source: CSA As in 2011/12, Ethiopia’s largest production of Sesame in 2012/13 originated from Amhara Region. Major opportunities and potentials existing in the country for ... cottonand sesame. The total production of sesame in the same Therefore; the study was designed with the following objectives (1) to assess and identify major sesame disease and (2) to study the Sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.) is the leading oil seed crop produced in Ethiopia. Kifle Degefa, MotiJaleta, Belaineh Legesse, 2017.Economic Efficiency of Smallholder Farmers in Maize Production in Bako Tibe District, Ethiopia, 7 (2). Ethiopia for production of fruits and vegetables. reduced production costs. 0000256473 00000 n Availability of Virgin fertile new areas which can be cultivated on large scale + cheap and abundant labor are the key indicators of the future potential, The government is investing on Roads, Telephone and the energy sector, Ethiopia is in the process of WTO Membership, The Government has developed a package of incentives for domestic and foreign investors engaged in new enterprises and expansions, Hence there is good potential to increase the cultivation, New areas are fertile, virgin and offer good opportunities for expansion, The Exporters association is working hard to build the capacity of its members. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important crop produced in Ethiopia for oilseed production and it was ranked first in total production from oil crops during 2013. endobj Among the oil crops of Ethiopia, sesame seed commands a leading position because it is highly adapted to arid & semiarid low land environment and yields well. Temperature Requirements Earliest time is when there is a 70ºF soil temperature in the morning. 0000258908 00000 n All the sesame growing areas fulfill the above condition In particular the north and north western parts of the country, Ethiopian Pulses, Oil Seeds and Spices Processors and Exporters Association (EPOSPEA), E-mail: epospea@gmail.com, epospeajossy@gmail.com, Office address; Haile Gebereslassie Avenue, 22 mazoria Rebecca building next to Axum Hotel 7th floor room # 703, Sunday the 13th. <> Production and export of sesame seed has increased dramatically in the last ten years and thus Ethiopia has become one of the world’s leading producers and exporter of sesame in very short time. Overall, Ethiopia’s natural resource base, the soil, the climate, the relative humidity the vegetation types are the foundations of agriculture. endobj the available capacity to expand sesame production could contribute to the economic growth of Ethiopia. Sesame Production, Challenges and Opportunitiesin Ethiopia Abadi Berhane Girmay* Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia Submission: January 21, 2018; Published: May 03, 2018 *Corresponding author: Abadi Berhane Girmay, Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia, Email: Agri Res & Tech: Open Access J 15(5): ARTOAJ.MS.ID.555972 (2018) 00155 The area and production of oil crops in Ethiopia in was 774,529.55ha 2010/11(6.55% of total area covered) and 6,339,987.49 Qts. About 146 crop types in Ethiopia and oilseeds are among the major ones. Sesame is grown from sea level to altitudes of 1500mt with uniformly distributed rainfall of about 500-8-00 mm and temperature of 25- 30 Celsius. It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which grow in pods. sesame production zones (survey: 98%) • Mandatory quarantine periods for labourers returning from Sudan, or entering the sesame zone in Tigray region, affect the availability of labour The crops grown in Ethiopia are diverse following the mosaic agro-ecologies derived from the. For example, in 2005/06 Ethiopia exported 237, 565 tons of sesame 0000153812 00000 n that Ethiopia ranked 3rd in Africa in terms of sesame production (Hagose, 2017; Wijnands, Biersteker, & van Loo, 2009). 60% of the total world production) (El Khier et al, 2008). The oilseeds sector Agriculture is the mainstay of the national economy contributing about 46% of GDP, over 90% export and 83% of employment. Potato – Potato production has increased substantially in recent years, with estimates at … The crop is tolerant to drought, but not to water logging and excessive rainfall. 0000026100 00000 n Furthermore, the study verified that in addition to the quantity of sesame marketed, market price, selling channels, All the major RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 28 3.1. … 0000021066 00000 n Empirical Studies on the Technology Adoption 20 2.10. %%EOF <> 0000021811 00000 n However, a number of challenges hamper the development of the sesame … Grown mainly in the tropics, sesame production is dominated by smallholders in developing countries. Ethiopia is one of the centers of biodiversity for several oilseeds which can be considered as specialty high value seeds on the international market. Beginning of June to Mid July when cultivated as rain fed crop. 0000160107 00000 n 0000153846 00000 n 0000197550 00000 n It is well suited as an alternative crop production system, and it has low crop water requirement with moderate resistance to soil moisture deficit. 0000023859 00000 n 0000256701 00000 n seeds are produced in different parts of the country. 0000258394 00000 n Domestic Production: In 2005/06, Ethiopia's volume of main season sesame seed production was .16 million tons. According to CSA (2015), in 2013/14 production year, sesame covered 299,724 ha of land at national level. 0000021601 00000 n 0000153924 00000 n 0000153780 00000 n 0000023043 00000 n On the higher altitudes crops like herbs. Production Efficiency of Sesame Production in Selamago District, South Omo Zone of Southern Ethiopia. Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is grown in areas with annual rainfall of 625-1100mm and temperature of >270C. Despite the traditional way of farming yields for oilseeds are on the. xref According to Aysheshm (2007), only about 5% is believed to be consumed locally. 0000023270 00000 n Even though Ethiopia is one of the major global producers and exporters of sesame seed, the country Sesame is an important crop to Nigerian agriculture: it is quite extens ively cultivated especially in Northern Nigeria. 0000001122 00000 n Additionally, sesame seed can grow well in lowland/humid areas with altitudes of up to 1,250m with preferred rainfall of 500-800mm. These farmers, whose output is predominantly cereal crops, account for 95% of the agricultural production in Ethiopia. Table 2 shows the sesame production and trade worldwide and Table 3 enlists the major sesame producers (FAO, 2005). Nutritional profi le of sesame seeds Sesame oil is highly stable and rarely turns rancid in hot cli-mates. 2 Sesame production and marketing system in Ethiopia: an overview 1.3 Sesame production in Ethiopia Sesame is produced in around 75 countries of the world. In Ethiopia, sesame grows well in the semiarid Ethiopian Pulses, Oilseeds and Spices Processors Exporters Association, Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MOFED), Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, Ethiopian Horticulture Producers Exporters Association, International Pulses Trade and Industry Confederation (CISILIS-IPTIC), soil types -ranging from fertile soils to sand. Numerous wild relatives occur in Africa and a smaller number in India. Sesame production in Uganda between 2004 and 2008 averaged 158,600 tonnes/year (FAO, 2010). In sesame growing areas of northern Ethiopia there is no information for the production constraints of different sesame diseases; prevalence, incidence and severity. >> It is rich in unsaturated fatty acids where the fatty acids composition is 14% saturated, 39% mono-unsaturated, and 0000221363 00000 n Hence with the transfer of technology and the provision of inputs, the increment of production and yield will be achieved strongly. 0 endobj Mid October to November is the usual harvesting time, Harvesting begins when two third of the plant and seed pods turn yellow, Due to its importance as a major export commodity the area coverage and production has increased in the last consecutive years. The humera type is appreciated worldwide for its aroma and taste. Ethiopia has a total area of 112 million hectares out which about 45% is arable. There is an enormous potential to expand sesame seed production in Ethiopia through cultivation of additional new land. 91 0 obj Sesame and Niger seed dominate largely the oil seeds category. Likewise, sesame cultivated by 29 countries in Africa on a total land of 6.8 million hectare which a total production of 3.4 million ton (FAOSTAT, 2017). While, Benshangul-Gumuz, SNNP and Gambela regions, respectively account for 9%, 2% and 1% of the total production. 9. sesame production is concentrated in India, Myanmar, Tanzania, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, China and Ethiopia, which contributing 51% of the world total sesame production. Sesame is an important cash crop and plays a vital role in the livelihood of many people in Ethiopia. 0000257953 00000 n Sesame has been cultivated since antiquity (IPGRI 2004). Conceptual Framework for Study 26 3. 0000023628 00000 n x TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) 2.8.1 Sesame research 17 2.8.2 Sesame production 18 2.9. 90 0 obj Sesame is well adapted to a wide range of soils, but requires deep, well-drained, fertile sandy loams. The particularities of sesame cultivation currently practiced in Benishangul Gumuz make such changes in mechanization unlikely in the near-term future. 88 0 obj Ethiopian Sesame - Production and Potential. Soil Requirements Grows best on medium to light, well-drained soils. nutrition and you). Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), locally called “Selit” or “Simsim,” is one of the major economically important oil crops and the second major source of foreign currency, next to coffee, in Ethiopia [1]. The Western zone of Tigray is the major sesame production area where large and small-scale commercial farms produce the crop. 5 1. Agriculture in Ethiopia is the largest component of its economy and employs the majority of the Ethiopian population. These include low productivity and quality, poor market infrastructure, long and traditional marketing channels among others. Sesame (/ ˈ s ɛ z ə m iː / or / ˈ s ɛ s ə m iː /; Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne. the national sesame seed production comes from Amhara region, followed by Tigray (31%), and Oromia (13%). Niger seed is oil crop of Ethiopian origin like coffee. In terms of export potential, Ethiopia is the third world exporter of sesame seeds after India and Sudan (Alemu & Meijerink, 2010; Temesgen, Gobena, & Megersa, 2017). sesame production, number of working family members, sesame crop yield and access to credit service determine the level of sesame production participation considerably. 0000000973 00000 n According Africa too has large internal market, but China are the major world sesame producers; in Africa, Sudan is the largest and Ethiopia is the fourth largest sesame producers (Langham & Wiemers, 2002). 0000257415 00000 n trailer Sesame crop productivity shows the list productivity growth among the other oil seed crops in the last ten years in all three major oilseed growing regions of Ethiopia (CSA, 2015). Maturity depends on the weather condition and it usually varies from 90 - 105 days. 89 0 obj It is the second most important agricultural commodity for export market in the country. startxref xœ½½{¬¥Éq杝ÝÎ.fHÎîÌ.gwywI‘÷®. 0000000015 00000 n The country has a potential irrigable land of about 3.7 million ha. Ethiopia has high quality sesame seed varieties suitable for wide range applications. <<780C94181D7CB238BBC7986783058E90>]/Prev 1480346>> plots of land. Oil crops production Introduction Oil crops are important field crops in the world as well as in Ethiopia. 0000022321 00000 n Sesame Research and Production in Ethiopia 17 . 0000001340 00000 n Of the world’s sesame production, 60% is produced in Asia, but less than 2% of this total is exported. It is grown as a rain fed crop throughout the tropics and subtropics. With altitudes of up to 1,250m with preferred rainfall of 500-800mm turns rancid hot... 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