Puccinia sorghi- maize and Oxalisspecies (wood sorrel). Field experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Common Maize Diseases, Symptoms And Treatment. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Broadly, maize cultivation can be classified into two production environments: (1) traditional maize growing areas, including Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh (BIMARU), and (2) non-traditional maize areas, including Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh (KAP). Note, there is no alternate host for this rust and it lacks those stages that occur on Oxalis. Learn about types of rust and control measures in this article. Immune (non-host) - no replication at all ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: f70ec-MTE3Y Crown rust. Fungicides are needed to provide control. Summary. Societies developed vast irrigation systems (Pueblos in Rio Grande) Maize cultivation transformed societies. Puccinia polysora - maize and some grasses. Common rust Puccinia sorghi The disease is found worldwide in subtropical, temperate, and highland environments with high humidity. ADVERTISEMENTS: Introduction to the White Rust of Crucifers: White rust or white blisters disease is one of the common diseases of crucifer crops. downey mildew, rust, leaf blight, stalk and ear rots, leaf spots and maize streak virus, Striga attack, stem borers, termites, storage insects, beetle etc. cytogenetics of maize The important diseases of maize are leafblight (Helminthosporium turcicum) late wilt (Cephalosporium maydis) and charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina). Maize in India ranks fifth in total area and third in total production and productivity. Life cycle. Tar spot complex (TSC), caused by at least two fungal pathogens, Phyllachora maydis and Monographella maydis, is one of the major foliar diseases of maize in Central and South America. There are different readily- DISEASE INFORMATION Polysora rust is common in hot, humid regions where optimal temperatures of 24-28°C, which favour infection, prevail. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Plant protection measures Weeds Weeds Reduce yield 29—43% Common weeds are Deela Itsit Jangli chulai Tandla Jangli swank Jangli haloon 22. This level of production has Origin, evolution and cytogenetics of maize … Rust, common corn Puccinia sorghi: Rust, southern corn Puccinia polysora: Rust, tropical corn Physopella pallescens. Worldwide distribution. Duplication is the presence of two or more instances of the same gene–GO term pair in a single annotation set. Origin, evolution The rust usually appears late, after the appearance of the male flower or tassel. Influence of fungicide application on two stripe-rust ... CDC Falcon, Genou, ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 68d88-ZDc1Z Barley and some perennial grasses may be infected. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Results from a Burkard volumetric spore trap sited in the centre of the inoculated plot showed that the daily peak urediniospore concentration in the atmosphere occurred at about 1300 h. Field experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The development and spread of maize rust from an inoculated circular plot was studied during 1975. 5. Heterosis in Maize 31 Green Revolution in Wheat. ADVERTISEMENTS: Introduction to the White Rust of Crucifers: White rust or white blisters disease is one of the common diseases of crucifer crops. Sakil.iubat@gmail.com College of Agricultural Sciences 2014 Sakil Ahmed IUBAT 6/3/2014 MAIZE 2. • Black or stem rust-Puccinia graminis f. ... maize. ... Maize stripe (maize chlorotic stripe, maize hoja blanca) Maize stripe virus: Maize tassel abortion Maize tassel abortion virus (MTAV) ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the white rust of crucifers caused by fungi. maize contains 60 to 68% starch and 7to 15% protein -. Collaborative research efforts in Nigeria led to development of agronomic package for maize production for different farming systems. This range of uses has also led to a further increase in the production of maize across the continent, especially outside of the traditionally largest maize growing countries, namely France, Romania and Italy1. It is worldwide in distribution occurring in all the areas wherever crop is cultivated. Maize varieties have been selected for resistance to this rust (and also to Puccinia sorghi). The more prevalent form is that caused by the warmth-loving fungus, Puccinia polysora. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. PALB 5062. The maize‐Argot2, maize‐FANN‐GO, and maize‐PANNZER GO annotations described in subsequent sections refer to the subset of annotations selected via this selection step. This rust has two unrelated hosts, and different spore-producing stages … Collaborative research efforts in Nigeria led to development of agronomic package for maize production for different farming systems. Maize Culture. It is estimated that by the year 2020, demand for maize in developing countries will surpass demand for both wheat and rice. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Fungicides are needed to provide control. Common rust Puccinia sorghi The disease is found worldwide in subtropical, temperate, and highland environments with high humidity. Puccinia coronata. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Plant Protection Measures Diseases Maize dwarf mosaic virus Stalk rot/ Ear rot Corn rust Cultivate Resistant Varieties 21. Led to an increase in population The more prevalent form is that caused by the warmth-loving fungus, Puccinia polysora. However, infections and associated corn grain yield loss are usually very minimal. A Maize PowerPoint template, with a striking template with the tops of the Corn plants shown with a blue sky background. maize contains 60 to 68% starch and 7to 15% protein - taxonomists initially considered the teosintes more closely related to rice than to maize, they share the same chromosome number, similar or identical chromosome morphologies, maize 1. Major resistance genes exist, but their eVectiveness can be limited in areas where P. polysorais multi-racial. However, in 2008, a new strain was recorded in the US to which most hybrid maize varieties were susceptible. mays) known in many countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric time The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels.Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable or starch. Uredospores are brown and spherical 16-28um in diameter 9. Another rust affects maize in the region, southern rust, Puccinia polysora (see Fact Sheet no. There are different readily- Detection & Inspection. Detection & Inspection. downey mildew, rust, leaf blight, stalk and ear rots, leaf spots and maize streak virus, Striga attack, stem borers, termites, storage insects, beetle etc. taxonomists initially considered the teosintes more closely related to rice than to maize, 1. You can change your ad preferences anytime. 42). Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Anilkumar, C. However, in 2008, a new strain was recorded in the US to which most hybrid maize varieties were susceptible. Common rust is most conspicuous when plants … MAIZE Maize (Zea mays subsp. It is worldwide in distribution occurring in all the areas wherever crop is cultivated. Rust pathogens of Avena. Common rust has cinnamon-brown colored round to elongated pustules that frequently form in bands on the lower part of the leaf, which result from infection when the leaf was in the whorl. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. ), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The gene effects have been found to be largely additive, and the estimates of heritability are high. and Maize common rust has the weed Oxalis as a host. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Funded by the Rockefeller Foundation in 1940s and 1950s ; Led by Dr. Norman Borlaug ; Wheat pathologist and breeder ; Semi-dwarf varieties with resistance to stem rust ; Wheat yields in Mexico ; From 11 bu/a (1943) to 30 bu/a (1963) 32 Examples of New Varieties 33 Wheat variety Ernie The membrane soon ruptures, often before the head emerges, exposing a mass of dark brown to black, Land preparation. Severally infected leaves dry off. Ridges can be made at 60cm apart for maize planting. Around A.D. 1000, maize agriculture began to spread from Central America through North America. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. 5. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 2.3.2 Removing redundancy and duplication. School Vegetable Gardening - Victory Gardens, No public clipboards found for this slide. There are two kinds, both may occur on maize at the same time. Symptom and Sign The young head, enclosed in the boot, is usually completely replaced by a large smut gall covered by a thick whitish membrane. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Maize Yield Per Hectare In India In maize cultivation yield of crop mainly depends on the climate, field management, irrigation, variety and quality of seeds, and fertilizers. MAIZE RUST. The three leaf rusts on maize are common rust, polysora rust, and tropical rust. Suitable for a range of projects including maize or food production, agriculture, farming, food supply, famine, corn, fuel oil and possibly cash crops and developing countries. Diseases of Maize Downy mildew/Crazy top Sorghum downy mildew - Peronosclerospora sorghi Phlippine downy mildew - Peronosclerospora philippinensis Crazy top - Sclerophthora macrospora Symptoms The most characteristic symptom is the development of chlorotic streaks on the leaves. Rusts are diseases characterized by the presence of roughly circular golden-yellow to brown raised structures called ‘pustules’ on the leaf or other green tissue. • SYMPTOMS: The black telial pustules are usually formed on the dorsal side of leaves The pustules burst early with mild displacement of the host epidermis And deeply embedded into the host. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Maize production take place on soils with a clay content of less than 10% sandy soils or in excess 30% clay and clay-loam, texture classes between 10 and 30% have air and moisture regimes 22. Maize was especially popular in the southwest. Important disease, more severe on sweet corn. Note, there is no alternate host for this rust and it lacks those stages that occur on Oxalis. Rust Pathogen Genomics and the Potential Impact on Crop Management - St. Paul, MN. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Maize in India ranks fifth in total area and third in total production and productivity. This level of production has Puccinia sorghi - maize and Oxalis species (wood sorrel). At present, maize has several uses in Europe such as food, animal feed, bioenergy and industrial products. Improving drought tolerance in maize (zea mays). Maize (Zea mays L.) occupies an important place in world agriculture. Among the rust diseases in maize Polysora rust or tropical rust or southern corn rust (Puccinia polysora Underw) is an important disease in tropical areas. mays) known in many countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric time The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels.Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable or starch. Partial resistance to P. sorghi is widely used in dent corn grown in the USA, and the level of economic loss due to this rust is generally low (Hooker, 1985; Melching, 1975). Maize varieties have been selected for resistance to this rust (and also to Puccinia sorghi). This rust has two unrelated hosts, and different spore-producing stages occur on each. Plant Disease Epidemiology 04--Disease progress in time 1. temporal dynamic of epidemic ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 47d560-ODVlN Infection normally occurs from late-May to early-July. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Diseases of Maize Downy mildew/Crazy top Sorghum downy mildew - Peronosclerospora sorghi Phlippine downy mildew - Peronosclerospora philippinensis Crazy top - Sclerophthora macrospora Symptoms The most characteristic symptom is the development of chlorotic streaks on the leaves. Rust, plant disease caused by more than 7,000 species of fungi of the phylum Basidiomycota. Puccinia polysora- maize and some grasses. P. maydis was also detected in the United States of America in 2015 and since then the pathogen has spread in the maize growing regions of the country. Although remote sensing (RS) techniques are … Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Common Maize Diseases, Symptoms And Treatment. A study was conducted from 29 March 2014 to 27 July 2014 at the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Paklihawa, Rupandehi with the objective of screening 13 maize genotypes against southern leaf blight caused by Bipolaris maydis . Three sprayings of Dithance Z-78 @ 0.3% (3g/l) at weekly interval starting from knee high stage of the crop controls the leaf blight. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the white rust of crucifers caused by fungi. General resis- tance could be achieved by combining quantitative and race-speciWc resistances. Worldwide in distribution occurring in all the areas wherever crop is cultivated crop Management - St. Paul MN! And cytogenetics of maize … maize Culture 29—43 % common Weeds are Deela Itsit Jangli chulai Jangli... 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