Nursing Diagnosis. A hydrolyzed formula has protein that is partially broken down to small peptides or amino acids for people who cannot digest nutrients. If diarrhea is associated with cancer or cancer treatment, once infectious cause of diarrhea is ruled out, provide medications as ordered to stop diarrhea. – Loose stools liquid. Nursing Interventions: -The nurse will administer Zofran 4mg IV every 6 hours as needed for nausea and vomiting.-The nurse will assess the patients nausea every 2-3 hours. We are most concerned with Type 7, according to the Bristol Stool Chart. – Cramps. – Increased frequency of bowel sounds. Have patient keep a diary that includes the following: time of day defecation occurs; usual stimulus for defecation; consistency, amount, and frequency of stool; type of, amount of, and time food consumed; fluid intake; history of bowel habits and laxative use; diet; exercise patterns; obstetrical/gynecological, medical, and surgical histories; medications; alterations in perianal sensations; and present bowel regimen. -The nurse will assess the patient report of diarrhea every shift. Inference. Chronic diarrhea is a common problem affecting up to 5% of the population at a given time. Patient maintains a rectal area free of irritation. Nursing diagnoses allow nurses to communicate what they do among themselves, with other health care professionals, and the public. Patient will verbalize understanding of causative factors and rationale for treatment regimen. Older patients that are admitted into long term or acute care facilities usually become ill with C.diff. For patients with enteral tube feeding, employ the following: Contaminated equipment can result to diarrhea. You note her stool is completely liquid and brown in color. He wants to guide the next generation of nurses to achieve their goals and empower the nursing profession. Diarrhea is where a person has more than three liquid or loose bowel movements a day. This care plan is listed to give an example of how a Nurse (LPN or RN) may plan to treat a patient with those conditions. Nurseslabs – NCLEX Practice Questions, Nursing Study Guides, and Care Plans, 35+ Best Gifts for Nurses: Ideas and Tips, Arterial Blood Gas Interpretation for NCLEX (40 Questions), Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Made Easy with Tic-Tac-Toe Method, Select All That Apply NCLEX Practice Questions and Tips (100 Items), IV Flow Rate Calculation NCLEX Reviewer & Practice Questions (60 Items), EKG Interpretation & Heart Arrhythmias Cheat Sheet. Evaluate the appropriateness of protocols for bowel preparation on basis of age, weight, condition, disease, and other therapies. Mild cleansing of the perianal skin after each bowel movement will prevent excoriation. When the patient t offers a good history, you can treat without further evaluation for mild cases. Expected outcomes: signs of dehydration: none, mucosa of the mouth and lips moist, fluid balance. Diarrhea may also be due to inadequately cooked food, food contaminated with bacteria during preparation, foods that are not maintained at appropriate temperatures, or contaminated tube feedings. Foreign travel, ingestion of unpasteurized dairy products, or drinking untreated water. Defining Characteristics: Hyperactive bowel sounds; at least three loose liquid stools per day; urgency; abdominal pain; cramping. Some hospitals may have the information displayed in digital format, or use pre-made templates. magnesium and calcium supplements can also cause diarrhea. Accounting for more than 1.5 million outpatient visits each year, diarrhea is one of the most frequently reported illnesses in the United States. According to WHO, diarrhea is a bowel movement in liquid form is more than three times in one day, and usually lasts for two days or more. The caregiver relies much on patient narrated history. Patients vary in their definition of diarrhea, citing loose stool consistency, increased frequency, urgency of bowel movements, or incontinence as key symptoms. When the body loses balance between the intake and exhaustion of fluids the body gets dehydrated and needs more fluids t function properly. Broadly defined, diarrhea is an alteration in normal bowel habits resulting in increased frequency of loose or watery stool. Cleanse with a mild cleansing agent (perineal skin cleanser). A 55 year old patient has developed diarrhea due to side effects of IV antibiotic she was started on two days ago for bacterial pneumonia. Diarrhea can lead to profound dehydration. Diarrhea is a common disease found in infants and children. Documentation of output provides a baseline and helps direct replacement fluid therapy. Loose stools. Most common treatment for diarrhea is oral rehydration, or in some severe cases IV rehydration may be needed. NANDA Definition: Passage of loose, unformed stools. This should be reported immediately to prevent worsening of diarrhea. Hyperactive bowel sounds. Your doctor might recommend a stool test to see if a bacterium or parasite is causing your diarrhea. Bland, starchy foods are initially recommended when starting to eat solid food again. Appropriate use of antidiarrheal medications can promote effective bowel elimination. 3. If skin is still excoriated and desquamated, apply a wound hydrogel. By accessing any content on this site or its related media channels, you agree never to hold us liable for damages, harm, loss, or misinformation. 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